IT giants fight over net neutrality in the US
Republicans and Democrats claim rules in their favor, supported by IT giants
On May 15, 2014 the US Federal Communications Commission (regulator of telecommunications and broadcasting area) approved the proposal for new rules on net neutrality in the country. The authorization of fostering connections in internet sales generated great controversy in the United States and protests around the country accused of trying to create two internets, a faster and a slower one.
The principle of neutrality advocates that the network should be equal for all without distinction as to their use. In an analogy with electricity, which is also provided through a network, it does not make a difference if you plug on it a refrigerator, a microwave or a TV. The network does not accept and reject other apparatus, that is, does not discriminate use. The same should applies to the internet.
Major providers of Internet service (ISPs – Internet Service Providers) in the US , including the internet providers cable , as AT & T , Comcast , Verizon and Cox , and all providers of wireless services such as T -Mobile and Sprint , with the majority of parliamentarians of the Republican Party, are the opponents of net neutrality . Among the supporters are the content providers such as Netflix, Amazon, Apple and Google, most parliamentarians of the Democratic Party . The fight is between “giants” which have gain reinforcements in the days before the vote on the proposal by the FCC: over 4 million people sent messages to FCC, with orders to keep the free Internet – or net neutrality.
Obama government’s line – believes that if some website operators have to pay more to bring their content to consumers, small businesses or new undertakings would be negated content delivery and also games, music and applications. So is against the prioritization of some Internet traffic over others.